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Telemedicine Technologies: Information Technolo...

To collect data, a five-point Likert-scale questionnaire (see Appendix) was designed on the basis of the literature review. The scale ranged from very high (5) to very low (1). The questionnaire consisted of seven parts. Part 1 included personal information (eight questions), part 2 was related to the clinicians' knowledge of telemedicine technology (seven questions), and part 3 investigated clinicians' perception of the advantages of telemedicine technology (seven questions). Parts 4 to 7 asked about clinicians' perception of the disadvantages of telemedicine technology (eight questions), the necessity of deploying telemedicine technology (six questions), the impact of the application's ease of use (six questions), and the importance of the security of telemedicine technology (six questions).

Telemedicine technologies: Information technolo...

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According to Armfield et al., telemedicine implementation may have some shortcomings, and little evidence-based or practical information is available to guide clinicians and policy makers.28 In the current study, a majority of clinicians thought that the disadvantages of this technology were at a low level. Among the clinicians, dentists perceived more disadvantages than advantages, which might be related to their limited knowledge about telemedicine. In the study conducted by Chang et al., the results showed that according to 24.1 percent of healthcare providers, the use of telemedicine could cause discomfort and inconvenience for patients.29 Similarly, the American Medical Association considers the possibility of medical malpractice as an obstacle to the use of telemedicine. According to this association, a lack of standard legal frameworks between and within the states for telemedicine practice is the main reason for not using the technology.30 The findings of the current study are in line with other studies, as the highest mean value in this section was related to increased malpractice due to the use of telemedicine.

In the current study, a majority of clinicians thought that the ease of use of the technology influences the effective use of the system. Among the clinicians, nurses perceived the telemedicine technology as easy to use, and dentists and pharmacists did not agree with this assessment. Generally, many studies have demonstrated the impact of the system's characteristics on the actual system usage. For example, in a study conducted in Spain, Saigí-Rubió et al. found that physicians' perceived ease of use of information and communication technologies in clinical practice was a variable that determined telemedicine use.34 Chang et al. showed that telemedicine can improve efficiency if it is easy to use.35 Similarly, Zanaboni and Wootton noted that advantages for users, such as ease of use and incentives, are the crucial determinant when designing an effective telemedicine system.36 Rho et al. showed that perceived ease of use affected perceived usefulness and respondents' intention to use the technology.37

Telemedicine Security and PrivacyBefore they can unlock the full benefits of telemedicine technology, providers must ensure they have a secure platform for sharing personal health information (PHI). Data security is top of mind in healthcare environments, where HIPAA and other privacy regulations demand that sensitive PHI is protected. Healthcare organizations are a major target for cybercriminals because their networks contain so much valuable data.

This calls for an end-to-end approach that includes strong network security features and controlled access rights management. Data protection technologies such as encryption can help protect patient information that is transmitted over telemedicine IoT devices and other endpoints. A HIPAA-compliant telehealth strategy might involve keeping data on an edge server as well as sending it to the cloud.

Telemedicine allows health teams to streamline routine checkups and ongoing patient monitoring and commit more face-to-face attention where it is most needed. As telemedicine technology evolves, advancements in AI and edge computing will enable greater use of real-time analytics to make diagnoses, respond quickly to emergencies, and share information. Working alongside hardware and software developers within the health ecosystem, Intel supports telemedicine technology that will scale to meet a broader range of healthcare needs.

Telemedicine technology integrates communications, medical equipment, and other endpoint devices to distribute health services remotely. The latest AI, IoT, and edge technologies are making it possible to conduct in-depth remote health data analytics in real time, which can enhance the quality of care.\r\n"}},"@type":"Question","name":"What are the benefits of Telemedicine technology?","acceptedAnswer":"@type":"Answer","text":"Telemedicine technology allows greater access to care for rural and underserved populations, as well as for those who have health conditions or circumstances making it difficult to travel. It also improves access to specialist care, such as neurology. Furthermore, it can increase the quality of care through frequent engagement and the ability to access resources and health data more readily than during office visits.\r\n"],"type":"FAQPage","@context":"https:\/\/"} More Resources in Health and Life Sciences Find more information on the latest technologies for health providers, healthcare systems, and life sciences professionals. Health and Life Sciences Technology Health and life sciences are advancing with Intel technology-powered medical imaging, data analytics, genomics, telemedicine, and robotics.

Since the launch of Telemedicine Technologies (Wiley, 2010), the technologies surrounding telemedicine have changed immeasurably, particularly with the emerging trends of Internet-of-Things (IoT), digital/e-Health, and wearable, smart and assistive technologies. This second edition overhauls and expands on the original text to reflect the technical advances of the last decade. It covers applications from traditional healthcare services to remote patient monitoring and recovery, to alternative medicine and general health assessment for maintaining optimal health. This welcome update brings together a broad range of topics demonstrating how information and wireless technologies can be used in healthcare.

There are, however restraining factors in the telemedicine market both globally and in North America in particular which could hinder its growth. These include the high cost of telemedicine technology, and a lack of professionals with the required expertise to use it. Privacy, security and linked legal liability concerns are another restraint. In North America, recent changes to the US Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) enlarged the scope of HIPAA coverage to include telemedicine companies, increased the maximum penalty for negligence, strengthened data breach announcement requirements, and provided new stipulations on how patient information can be used for fundraising and marketing.

Store-and-forward telemedicine involves acquiring medical data (like medical images, biosignals etc.) and then transmitting this data to a doctor or medical specialist at a convenient time for assessment offline.[8] It does not require the presence of both parties at the same time.[13] Dermatology (cf: teledermatology), radiology, and pathology are common specialties that are conducive to asynchronous telemedicine. A properly structured medical record preferably in electronic form should be a component of this transfer. The 'store-and-forward' process requires the clinician to rely on a history report and audio/video information in lieu of a physical examination.

The downsides of telemedicine include the cost of telecommunication and data management equipment and of technical training for medical personnel who will employ it. Virtual medical treatment also entails potentially decreased human interaction between medical professionals and patients, an increased risk of error when medical services are delivered in the absence of a registered professional, and an increased risk that protected health information may be compromised through electronic storage and transmission.[170] There is also a concern that telemedicine may actually decrease time efficiency due to the difficulties of assessing and treating patients through virtual interactions; for example, it has been estimated that a teledermatology consultation can take up to thirty minutes, whereas fifteen minutes is typical for a traditional consultation.[171] Additionally, potentially poor quality of transmitted records, such as images or patient progress reports, and decreased access to relevant clinical information are quality assurance risks that can compromise the quality and continuity of patient care for the reporting doctor.[172] Other obstacles to the implementation of telemedicine include unclear legal regulation for some telemedical practices and difficulty claiming reimbursement from insurers or government programs in some fields.[31] Some medical organizations have delivered position statement on the correct use of telemedicine in their field. [173] [174] [175] [176]

From 1999 to 2018, the University Hospital of Zurich (USZ) offered clinical telemedicine and online medical advice on the Internet. A team of doctors answered around 2500 anonymous inquiries annually, usually within 24 to 48 hours. The team consisted of up to six physicians who are specialists in clinical telemedicine at the USZ and have many years of experience, particularly in internal and general medicine. In the entire period, 59360 inquiries were sent and answered.[180] The majority of the users were female and on average 38 years old. However, in the course of time, considerably more men and older people began to use the service. The diversity of medical queries covered all categories of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) and correlated with the statistical frequency of diseases in hospitals in Switzerland. Most of the inquiries concerned unclassified symptoms and signs, services related to reproduction, respiratory diseases, skin diseases, health services, diseases of the eye and nervous systems, injuries and disorders of the female genital tract. As with the Swedish online medical advice service,[181] one-sixth of the requests related to often shameful and stigmatised diseases of the genitals, gastrointestinal tract, sexually transmitted diseases, obesity and mental disorders. By providing an anonymous space where users can talk about (shameful) diseases, online telemedical services empower patients and their health literacy is enhanced by providing individualized health information. The Clinical Telemedicine and Online Counselling service of the University Hospital of Zurich is currently being revised and will be offered in a new form in the future.[182] 041b061a72


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